First Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

Listening Skills

  • Listens attentively to shared reading, literature, language activities, auditory media, etc.
  • Identifies main ideas through auditory processing
  • Restates information


  • Recognizes basic sight word vocabulary
  • Locates context clues
  • Utilizes letter/sound associations to decode words
  • Distinguishes reality and fantasy in stories
  • Draws conclusions from literature
  • Predicts outcomes
  • Practices oral/silent reading for enjoyment and expression
  • Reads a variety of written text: narrative, fantasy, fiction and informational text
  •  Comprehends through a variety of strategies: prior knowledge, prediction, retelling, story maps, skimming, and main ideas/details
  • Reads for a variety of purposes
  • Phonic Skills
  • Recognizes consonant sounds/symbols
  • Identifies long and short vowel sounds
  • Recognizes consonant blends
  • Identifies base words
  • Identifies contractions
  • Utilizes consonant clusters and consonant diagrams to decode words
  • Identifies compound words
  • Forms plurals by adding –s or –es to words


  • Identifies telling, asking, commanding, and exclaiming sentences
  • Recognizes partial and complete sentences
  • Practices use of proper punctuation at the end of a sentence
  • Recognizes an apostrophe & a comma
  • Practices proper use of capital letters


  • Develops writing skills through frequent journal writing
  • Develops self-expression through writing creative stories
  • Writes words, sentences, and stories as a response to literature
  • Spelling
  • Identifies and spells high frequency words
  • Utilizes spelling as an integrated part of writing
  • Applies phonetic rules where applicable
  • Practices alphabetizing
  • Handwriting Skills
  • Develops fine motor skills
  • Writes sentences from dictation using correct formation of manuscript letters


  • Creates, copies, and extends patterns
  • Counts and writes numbers to 20
  • Interprets a variety of graphs
  • Understands addition and subtraction facts
  • Practices problem solving
  • Practices addition by counting on
  • Uses mental math skills
  • Utilizes the commutative property of addition
  • Demonstrates measurement concepts
  • Identifies and counts money: pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters
  • Understands place value
  • Tells and writes time on the hour and half-hour
  • Learns to subtract by counting back
  • Learns to model and finish related subtraction facts and fact families
  • Practices addition and subtraction facts to 18
  • Practices counting to 100 by 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s
  • Demonstrates understanding of geometric principles: solids, congruent figures, symmetry, plane shapes and points inside, outside, and on a figure


  • Life Science
  • Living and Non-Living Organisms
  • Identifies a variety of plants and animals
  • Identifies the needs of plants
  • Observes different seeds
  • Identifies the needs of animals
  • Discovers the similarities among plants/animals
  • Discovers ways animals help people
  • Observes and compares animal coverings
  • Identifies various animal homes
  • Describes likeness/differences of adult animals and their young
  • Classifies plant, animal, and people as living things
  • Identifies the needs of living things
  • Introduced to reproduction of living things
  • Classifies plant and animals according to observable characteristics
  • Compares living and non-living things

Earth Science


  • Compares the day and night sky
  • Observes objects in the day and night sky
  • Identifies the importance of the sum (light and heat)
  • Identifies the changes in the shape of the moon on different days
  • Identifies when stars can be seen and why
  • Identifies the planet names and placement in the universe
  • Identifies where the moon’s light comes from
  • Identifies position of Earth in comparison to other planets


  • Examines and compares different kinds of soil
  • Discusses the components of soil
  • Discovers what happens when soil and water are mixed
  • Compares rocks in color, shape, texture, hardness, and size
  • Groups rocks according to color, shape, texture, hardness, and size
  • Observes how water flows and gathers
  • Identifies the uses for water and air
  • Describes the process of recycling and its importance


  • Observes the effects of pollution on air, land and water
  • Discovers the importance of water to all aspects of life
  • Discovers the importance of recycling, ex. Newspaper, cans, glass, etc.
  • Becomes familiar with the rain cycle
  • Identifies the effects of littering and waste
  • Understands the importance of conservation of natural resources, ex. trees, etc.


  • Recognizes that God knows our name and that each child knows God’s name
  • Understands that life is a gift from God
  • Discovers that God made us to become the best persons that we can be
  • Understands that God cares about each child
  • Comes to a fuller awareness that God is the creator of all that is
  • Understands that we please God by receiving and using God’s gifts
  • Discovers that people need to care for God’s creation
  • Becomes aware that church is one place we can celebrate God’s gifts
  • Shows love for God by thanking Him for everything
  • Learns/practices prayer
  • Introduced to the saints
  • Listens to and discusses bible stories
  • Participates in prayer services
  • Attends school liturgies

Social Studies

  • Learns how families are alike and different
  • Learns responsibilities of work and play; family rules etc.
  • Understands the characteristics of a family
  • Learns ways that families change
  • Learns that food, shelter, clothing and love are basic needs of families
  • Identifies special holiday celebrations
  • Recognizes that families celebrate together
  • Interprets map symbols
  • Learns map skills and uses directional words: left, right, far, near, north, south, east, and west
  • Identifies the globe as a model of the world
  • Identifies landforms and bodies of water
  • Understands that the U.S.A. is made up of 50 states
  • Recognizes that people live in different kinds of homes around the world
  • Understands the difference between human wants and needs/choices people make
  • Recognizes that people must work to meet their needs
  • Learns how families around the world have similar needs and a variety of wants