Second Grade Curriculum

Language Arts


  • Develop decoding and word study skills
  • Locate context clues
  • Recognize vocabulary/word meaning
  • Utilize semantic mapping
  • Apply classification
  • Comprehend main idea, details, sequence, word referents
  • Compare
  • Draw conclusions
  • Predict outcomes
  • Distinguish cause/effect
  • Interpret inference
  • Summarize
  • Develop thinking strategies
  • Recognize characterization and story elements
  • Identify figurative language
  • Label repetition, rhythm, rhyme
  • Name dialogue
  • Differentiate formal/informal language
  • Distinguish reality/fantasy
  • Identify types of literature
  • Apply listening skills
  • Use a variety of speaking skills
  • Practice oral reading for enjoyment and expression
  • Read and follow directions
  • Read for content
  • Define book parts
  • Explain time lines
  • Interpret maps, diagrams, and symbols. signs, charts, tables, schedules, graphs
  • Compute alphabetical order
  • Introduce dictionary, glossary
  • A literature-based approach is used


  • Apply ABC order
  • Identify letters and sounds (initial/medial/final)
  • Distinguish short and long vowel associations
  • Recognize compound and two-syllable words
  • Read blends, digraphs
  • Identify Y as a vowel
  • Distinguish R-controlled vowels
  • Explain contractions/plurals/endings/suffixes
  • Identify regular and irregular double vowels/diphthongs
  • Distinguish prefixes, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms


  • Spell words with short vowels
  • Spell words with long vowels
  • Spell words with c/ck
  • Spell words with double consonants
  • Spell words with blends (beginning and ending)
  • Spell words with irregular vowels
  • Spell words ending is –s, -es, -ing, -ed
  • Spell compound words
  • Spell sight words
  • Spell contractions
  • Spell words that sound alike
  • Spelling words are high frequency words based on Research Word List


  • Review manuscript handwriting
  • Apply neatness and legibility


  • Recognize proper everyday language skills
  • Recognize sentences and naming subjects and predicates
  • Identify nouns
  • Writing a good paragraph
  • Identifying verbs
  • Use punctuation marks
  • Write a story
  • Identify pronouns
  • Categorize words
  • Write a book report
  • Introduce adjectives and adverbs
  • Learn the writing process
  • Enjoy poetry
  • Write a letter
  • Use creative writing


  • Model addition and subtraction sentences
  • Compare patterns and graphs
  • Compare measurements
  • Interpret place value
  • Recognize and write numbers to 1000
  • Show number relationships
  • Interpret time and money
  • Understand 2-digit numbers
  • Compute 2-digit addition
  • Identify geometric shapes
  • Understand and compute 2-digit subtraction
  • Identify fractions
  • Introduce multiplication/division


  • Discover how your body works
  • Learn through physical activities how bones and muscles work
  • Experiment with exercise
  • Learn the food pyramid
  • Know harmful effects of drugs as well as helpful effects


Matter and Energy

  • Differentiate between magnetic and non-magnetic materials
  • Investigate magnetic attractions, magnetic force and magnetic strength
  • Observe and predict the poles of a magnet and magnetic fields
  • Experiment with temporary magnets
  • Use a magnet as a compass
  • Explore uses of electricity and apply safety rules at home and school


  • Explore shadows and shadow lengths
  • Record findings
  • Predict and investigate how light affects what we see
  • Classify objects according to how well light can pass through them
  • Observe light as it strikes objects
  • Discover the separation of white light into the spectrum
  • Develop and test a hypothesis


  • Investigate size and characteristics of dinosaurs
  • Compare fossil imprints with fossil remains
  • Observe, make and use a dinosaur skeleton
  • Infer that some animals alive today are in danger of becoming extinct
  • Investigate kinds of teeth (flat/sharp)

Climate, Weather, Water

  • Investigate climates worldwide and seasonal weather
  • Record observations
  • Graph weather conditions
  • Relate weather to water cycle
  • Identify causes of air and water pollution


  • Focus on Eucharist
  • Recognize that Jesus gives Himself as the Bread of Life
  • Understand that we offer our gifts through Jesus
  • Appreciate and celebrate Mass
  • Read Bible stories
  • Understand I belong to God’s Christian family
  • Understand God is our Father
  • Understand Jesus is our Brother
  • Understand that the Holy Spirit is with me
  • Recognize that Christians share
  • Recognize that Christians follow Jesus
  • Identify Mary, model for Christians
  • Experience Jesus working through His church
  • Appreciate God’s Word
  • Understand forgiveness
  • Understand Jesus is with us
  • Live as Jesus’ follower
  • Recognize the church year
  • Recognize Catholic saints and heroes
  • Learn prayers: Sign of the Cross, Lord’s Prayer, Hail Mary, Grace before meals, Mass responses
  • Appreciate that God make us special
  • Catechesis and celebration of the Sacrament of Eucharist

Social Studies

  • Identify communities
  • Interpret maps
  • Distinguish between needs and wants
  • Identify rules and laws
  • Recognizing and practicing good citizenship
  • Know that we are one country made up of diverse citizens
  • Recognize our country’s history
  • Identify and describe holidays
  • Know about people who have made a difference in our country
  • Relating literature to Social Studies concepts
  • Introduce special places in our country